Literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions | XN–FRANOISPERROUDCHAUMONT-26B.EMMANUELHANNEBICQUE.COM

Valsiner, research and leadership activities Bryant-Lukosius et al. Valsiner, research and frequently reported barriers to participating in education.

Profile and Predictors of Job Satisfaction. Valsiner, as described by the two administrators below. Profile and Predictors of Job Satisfaction. Although this was expected because of the demographic characteristics of US physicians and was adjusted for in the multivariate Stress essay thesis he has spent a lot of literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions abroad. Retrieved September 7, it is possible that other unmeasured confounders exist, insufficient administrative support and competing time demands associated with clinical practice are frequently reported literatures review on quality of worklife and their dimensions to participating in education, he has spent a lot of time abroad, self- and supervisor-rated job performance.

Burnout, research and leadership activities Bryant-Lukosius et al, as described by the two administrators below.

Nursing Leadership

Valsiner, Cambridge University Press. Why do self-concepts decline for: Are multiple dimensions of self-concept more distinct than multiple intelligences? Does a positive physical self-concept lead to health-related physical activity? Do self-concept models hold up cross-nationally and cross-culturally? Positive Effects of Repeating a Year in School on Academic Self-concept and Achievment How does country-average achievement influence academic self-concept. European Commission study of citations based on the Google scholar H-Index, across all science, social science and humanity disciplines he was ranked first among all Australian researchers, and th in the world http: He coined the phrase substantive-methodological research synergy which underpins his research efforts.

For many decades, the standard medical advice to migraineurs has been that the best way to prevent migraine is to avoid the triggers of migraine attacks. This advice sounds logical, but the presenter has argued for a number of years that many triggers are difficult to avoid, and even if they can sometimes be avoided, this might lead to sensitisation to the triggers or a loss of tolerance for the triggers.

This position has been developed into the Trigger Avoidance Model of Headaches TAMHwhich postulates that one pathway to developing a chronic headache condition is via avoiding triggers leading to increased sensitivity to the triggers.

A number of laboratory studies have been published that support the TAMH by demonstrating, master thesis no results exposure leads to desensitisation.

This work led to the development of Learning to Cope with Triggers LCTa new approach to trigger management that includes exposure to some triggers with the goal of desensitisation. A randomised controlled study showed that LCT was associated with three times as large a reduction in headaches as the traditional advice of trigger avoidance. He is a clinical and health psychologist who completed his training at the Universities of Bristol and Oxford.

His main research interest has been headache and migraine, with subsidiary interests in stress, depression including postnatal depressionand social support. Understanding and Solving Mutual Radicalization: The process of Mutual Radicalization MR comes about literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions the actions of one group triggers more extreme responses in a second group, and this triggers further radicalization in the first group, so the two groups take increasingly extreme positions opposing one another, reacting against real or imagined threats, moving further and further apart.

Using case-studies of major nations e. The three major parts of this model apply to all groups and nations, but the steps within each part do not apply to cases.

In the final section, I provide a number of guidelines for preventing mutual radicalization, as well as resolving mutual radicalization after it has developed and extremism is normative in one or both groups. In he became Editor-in-Chief, Peace and Conflict: Moghaddam was born in Iran, educated from an quality control homework age in England, and returned to Iran with the revolution in He was researching and teaching in Iran during the hostage taking crisis and the first three years of the Iran-Iraq War.

After work for the United Nations, he researched and taught frontier thesis quotes to Georgetown in He has conducted experimental and field research in numerous cultural contexts and published extensively on the psychology of conflict, terrorism, democracy, dictatorship, political plasticity, and mutual radicalization.

Valsiner, Cambridge University Press. More about his research and publications can be found on his website: Georgetown University, Washington D.

A Jitendra Mohan Focus of Lecture: Somewhere down the line came Osler to make a new model named bio-socio-psychological. In literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions English grammar essays writing there has been considerable research interest in mindfulness as a protective factor with regard to the difficult life events.

In Buddhist teachings, mindfulness is utilized to develop self knowledge and wisdom that gradually lead to what is described as enlightenment or freedom from suffering. Yoga is an ancient art science based on an extremely subtle science of body, mind and soul. A practice leading to a sense of peace and well being in relation to environment.

It has emerged to be a singular most important new practicerecognized by the United Nations through World Yoga Day literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions celebrated on 21st June every year. Yoga has broken almost all the religious as well as cultural barriers to reach a new frontier.

Yoga, as per Iyengar: Ashtang Yoga includes literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions dimensions Davis school district homework policy each one has very specific meaning and practice. The research evidence of its impact has been accumulating. It has been found to be useful in sports, concentration and healing. The aim of yoga is to calm the chaos of conflicting impulses. Presently, the medical sciences and practices create newer frontiers in combination with some indigenous practices like yoga, meditation and mindfulness.

This has enlarged the understanding about the very concept of health. Perhaps it could lead to a spiritual- bio-psychosocial model. He is a distinguished awardee of 11 Life Time Achievement Awards. Since he has been a popular presenter at International and National Level. He has been associated with 90 Doctoral thesis, 30 books, Research literatures review on quality of worklife and their dimensions, 20 Journals. Nel Focus of Lecture: Arguably a reflection of general attitudes, Africa is by far the continent with the most severe laws against sexual and gender non-conforming persons and communities.

Recent developments suggest that, instead of abating, negative attitudes in some African countries may, in fact, be intensifying. A great deal of evidence points to this stigmatisation leading to deep-seated and widespread prejudice, discrimination and anti-homosexual harassment and violence, both state-sanctioned and extrajudicial. In stark contrast to the rest of Africa, South Africa has a progressive constitutional and legal framework for the protection of the rights of minorities.

Considering the indisputable linkages between human rights, and health and well-being, Psychology – in serving humanity, has a greater role to play in moving South African societies to where they ought to or could be.

In so-doing, Psychology not only has the power, but also the responsibility to actively challenge prevailing conditions of injustice and inequality. This includes counteracting systems of exclusion and violent othering, shaped by a colonial and apartheid past, on the basis of, among others, sexuality and gender, race, and socio-economic status.

This presentation will outline how the Psychological Society of South Africa a. Juan is a registered clinical and research psychologist and employed as Research Professor of Psychology at the University of South Africa Unisa. A National Research Foundation NRF rated researcher, his expertise in sexuality and gender – in particular, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex LGBTI mental health and well-being, as well as in hate crimes and victim empowerment and support, more generally, is recognised.

Related research, tuition, advocacy and community participation have contributed to improved theory, professional practice, policy changes and community mobilisation. Passionate about equality and human rights, and the strengthening of healthcare service provision, Juan is a founding member of eight related government-led and civil society structures and organisations.

In these contexts, he has often served as leader of related research projects. This presentation provides a contextual overview of psychological literatures of the Caribbean. Specifically, an outlined of existing scholarships that exists will be provided, followed by an overview of current developments and plans for the future.

Through this presentation, the author seeks to demonstrates the mosaic of cultures, languages, etc. Highlight the diverse cultures, languages, etc. She obtained her doctoral degree in clinical psychology from Boston University.

As a multicultural Haitian American and multilingual psychologist Spanish, French, and Haitian Creoleher research is reflective of her background and interests. Her current research focus on the integration of race and culture and well-being for ethnically diverse and immigrant communities. Some of the projects that she is currently working on includes: In addition, she conducts research on social support networks of Caribbean populations with a specific focus on Haitians.

She has published several articles and literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions chapters and delivered numerous invited presentations at the national and international conferences in the areas of women issues, depression and intervention among Haitians, social support networks of ethnic minorities, and spirituality.

The discipline of sport psychology has enjoyed important growth and maturation during the last several decades.

Related, the progress across many domains has been welcomed and heralded. For example, since its inception in the United States, sport psychology has promoted advances in theoretical and conceptual underpinnings, research designs and scholarly rigor, applications across sport performance domains, suggested implications for domestic as well as international sport psychology professional audiences, and stabilizing disciplinary identities which serve as a hallmark foundation on which to build an even more promising future.

The drive to form and solidify their professional identity fueled the early and formative years of the discipline. Cultural sport psychology, with its emphasis on acknowledging the complexities of larger environmental contexts e. Expanding theory, research and practice of continue to be important.

In addition, offered for consideration is the belief that implicit bias, stereotype threat, a broader critical pedagogy, and a focus on the millennial generation positions the already healthy juvenescence of sport psychology to emerge into the fuller maturity of adulthood ready to inherit the abundant promises and opportunities that come with this new stage of development.

The proposed presentation advances a position that the aforementioned areas represent critical catalytic stimuli that are needed for continued healthy disciplinary growth and maturation.

Further, discovering a deepening consciousness and sensitivity about how socially constructed and systemically-supported political, economic and other environments inextricably influence the ways in which people, across cultures, ethnicities, identities and faiths navigate the inequities e.

In short, this presentation serves as an invitation for sport psychology professionals e. First, to embrace self-reflection as a critically necessary component of their life-long development. Second, to develop and appreciate in concrete and measurable ways approaches to research, counseling practice and consultation that feel more inclusive and that more accurately captures the lived experiences and multi-dimensional identities e.

He has devoted his professional career to teaching, training, clinical, administrative, and organizational consultation venues.

Navigation menu

In addition to his administrative duties Dr. Parham teaches five courses including: For most of his professional career, Dr. Parham has focused on working with athletes across organizations e. He also has worked with performance artists in drama, theatre and music. The articles and book chapters he has authored during the course of his career and his participation on local, state and national boards, committees, task forces, and positions of governance adds to the visible ways in which he has tried to literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions a difference.

Emotions are ubiquitous in achievement settings. Various emotions are experienced in these settings, such as enjoyment, literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions, pride, How to write a cover letter accounting graduate anxiety, shame, or boredom.

Despite the relevance of these emotions for learning, performance, and well-being, they have not received much attention by researchers; test anxiety studies and attributional research are notable exceptions.

During the past fifteen years, however, there has been growing recognition that achievement emotions are central to individual and collective productivity. Test anxiety research has shown that anxiety can exert profound effects on cognitive performance; is this true for other achievement emotions as well?

  • The process of Mutual Radicalization MR comes about when the actions of one group triggers more extreme responses in a second group, and this triggers further radicalization in the first group, so the two groups take increasingly extreme positions opposing one another, reacting against real or imagined threats, moving further and further apart.
  • Test anxiety research has shown that anxiety can exert profound effects on cognitive performance; is this true for other achievement emotions as well?
  • Other aspects within the work environment that drive clerical burden likely also contribute [58, 68, 69].
  • The WRQoL GWB factor assesses issues of mood, depression and anxiety, life satisfaction , general quality of life , optimism and happiness.
  • Profile and Predictors of Job Satisfaction.
  • The Long and Brier Islands Study.
  • More about his research and publications can be found on his website:
  • Adopting Toolkits Various participants highlighted the importance of utilizing existing advanced practice nursing implementation toolkits Advanced Practice Nursing Steering Committee, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority ; Avery et al.
  • Analysis and interpretation of data:
  • Physician professional characteristics were ascertained by asking physicians about their practice.
  • In this presentation, the theory is explained, and a few example studies are reported that examine the role of volitional mediators in the initiation and adherence to health behaviors.

To provide answers, the emotional implications of cognitive appraisals, achievement goals, and social environments will be discussed. In closing, open research problems will be addressed, including the prospects of neuroscientific research, strategies research based argument essay integrate idiographic and nomothetic methodologies, and the need for intervention studies targeting achievement emotions.

His research areas include achievement emotion and motivation, personality development, and educational assessment. He pioneered literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions on emotions in education and originated the Control-Value Theory of Achievement Emotions. Pekrun is a highly cited researcher see Web of Science, writing a college level persuasive essay Science Indicators who has authored 24 books and more than articles and chapters, including numerous publications in leading journals such as Psychological Science, Journal of Experimental Psychology: He is a member of the editorial boards of top journals such as Educational Psychologist and Journal of Educational Psychology.

In an advisory capacity, Pekrun is active in policy development and implementation in education. Inhe received the John G. Diefenbaker Award from the Canada Council for the Arts, which acknowledges outstanding research accomplishments across fields in the humanities and social sciences. Applied psychology focuses necessarily on the specifics of a particular problem. Given the complexity of most real-world situations, a thorough and complete description of them becomes an almost insurmountable task.

Thus, a schematic or simplified but relevant representation of the problem is needed to find possible solutions. Both socio-cultural values and a subjective assessment by key actors of the situation i. His doctoral thesis showed that a dysfunction of smooth eye movements in schizophrenics -a possible biological marker for this disease- was related to a basic deficit in the sensory processing of visual motion signals; a widely replicated finding. After finishing his PhD, his interests on education and, science and technology policy led him to complete a Masters in Public Administration at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard Universityconcentrating in education policy, leadership and organizational change, and the psychology of decision making.

Besides his academic work, he has served as an advisor and collaborator in several NGO and public sector institutions. Thus, his academic and professional interests are ample, ranging from multimodal effects on the perception of visual space, visuomotor coordination and cognitive skills in sports, and cognitive abilities and subjective well-being, to the literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions evaluation of behavioral interventions and public policies and programs, the applications of psychology to public policy making, and behavioral economics.

Sport and Exercise Psychology Abstract: Human performance requires choosing what to do and how to do it, but also harnessing experience to do it better and faster. Following a review of the state of the art in complex motor skills research in sports, this talk introduces the concepts of motor heuristic and embodied choices Raab,meant to advance understanding of how motor and cognitive components of choices intertwine in order to achieve efficiency and accuracy in complex behavior.

Results from a program of three studies Raab et al. My main research areas is Performance Psychology that describes, explains and predicts human behavior in complex performance situations, mostly in the context of sport, exercise and psychological demanding environments.

I am trained as a human movement scientist and cognitive psychologist and graduated in both fields thus I am interest in the relation between Mind and Motion, Thought and Action often referred to as Embodied Cognition.

I coined terms such as Motor Heuristics and Embodied Choices to illustrate that humans in complex situations needs to decide and action upon their decisions with limited time, capacity and knowledge and thus may often need to rely on their expertise, experience and intuition.

Currently I am a Professor of Psychology, sharing head of the Institute in rotation every five years. My main research interests are within sport, exercise and performance in general. Judgment, decision-making, motor learning and control, embodied cognition are areas of my profile studied from a dynamic and probabilistic cognitive psychology perspective using simple heuristics.

I am vice-president of research for the European Sport Psychology Association, Associate of section editor of journals in sport and exercise and performance psychology. Brain and Cognitive Science Abstract: Cognitive psychologists have a long tradition of research about human learning and memory, yet their findings have rarely penetrated educational practice.

This situation is starting to change. I will report on a program of research about the benefits of retrieval practice through quizzing as an aid to learning. Testing or quizzing is a practice usually considered only to measure what a student knows, but experimental research shows that retrieving information helps to stabilize the knowledge and make it easier to recall on future attempts. My presentation will provide evidence advancing from laboratory experiments to field experiments in classrooms showing how frequent quizzing can improve educational literatures review on quality of worklife and their dimensions.

If adopted, retrieval-enhanced learning may have far-reaching implications for education at all levels. Many experimental or quasi-experimental studies in university classrooms have shown meaningful benefits for students. He graduated with a B.

Roediger’s research has centered on human learning and memory, and he has published about articles and chapters, mostly on various aspects of cognitive processes involved in remembering. His recent research has focused on illusions of memory how buy history essay sometimes remember events differently from the way they actually occurred ; effects of testing memory how retrieving events from memory can change their representation, often making them more likely to be retrieved in the future ; and the issue of confidence and reports from memory.

He has also recently undertaken the empirical study of collective or historical memory, how people in a group remember their past. He has published three textbooks that have been through a combined total of 23 editions. He is co-author of Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning, published in In addition, Roediger has edited or co-edited edited ten other books.

Roediger served as editor of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: He held a Guggenheim Fellowship in In the Association for Psychological Science honored him as a William James Fellow for lifetime achievements in psychology. Inhe was elected to the U. National Academy of Sciences. Washington University in St. What can we do for risk-takers? The presentation will deal with risk psychology. Besides a general introduction around the concept of risk and risk-taking a series of studies will be presented.

Based on the Social Representation Theory, risk in general will be introduced. The presentation will then develop around risk in different contexts, such as the financial context in relation to the economic crisis and or to gambling with financial incentives. Examples of studies will also present risk-taking in sports and at work will be presented. He is the editor of the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance and literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions of several editorial boards of scientific journals such as the Journal of Vocational Behavior or the Journal of Research in Personality.

His teaching areas and research interests include counseling, personality, psychological assessment, and cross-cultural psychology. He published a great number of articles and book chapters and recently co-edited the Handbook of life design: From practice to theory and from theory to practice. He participated actively to many international research projects, such High school thesis topics list the personality across culture research or the international career adaptability project.

Promoting Psychology in the Americas: The ISP contributes to the regional development of the discipline through international and regional congresses, publications, and the development of professional networks among different psychological specializations within three main regions: This presentation will discuss the role of the ISP in facilitating fruitful and beneficial collaborations among psychologists from the Americas and beyond.

In this presentation, the presenter will share the rich history of the Society and will highlight the challenges and opportunities of collaboration within the ISP and across borders. Her work experience is based on clinical practice, university teaching, school counseling and rural work. She poses a degree in Psychopedagogy and a Masters and Doctorate in Psychological Research with an emphasis in Gender and Masculinities.

Luna also posses a Masters in Counseling and Mental Health. Her areas od training include neurodevelopment, psychological evaluation, diagnosis and play therapy with children. Her psycho-social work, included accompanying the communities after the disasters of Agatha and torrential rains, landslides especially with children and teachers in the area of the Pacaya Volcano as well as the West of Guatemala and the community of El Cambray. She has participated on several research projects in the area of axioms, cultural values, gender and psychometric evaluation.

She also has experience in Forensic Psychology, in femicide courts for women and children victims of violence and have served as a consultantplease provide. Most administrator participants commented on the insufficient infrastructure resources, as the following two quotes from an administrator and an APN demonstrate.

Search form

It’s a slow and steady approach to implementation. We need to keep thinking about it movie production company business plan have those infrastructures in place to make sure we are setting them up for success and not setting them up to fail.

The system needs to be prepared to support them [CNSs] in that you need an office; you need a phone; you need a literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions. I’ve seen CNSs hired and then it literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions time for them to fill out an annual report and they don’t have a file folder to put it in.

You know you need space. It is very hard to put six CNSs in an office the size of a closet and think can work there. Inattention to basic resources such as office space, clerical support, communication and technology marginalizes the purpose and legitimacy of CNS and NP roles.

Participants also noted a lack of supportive policies that would allow APNs to function to their full scope. Cummings and McLennan suggest that nursing leaders in healthcare settings can influence policy change and shape the healthcare system by facilitating changes in the workplace that continually improve quality of care and meet fiscal realities. However, insufficient administrative support and competing time demands associated with clinical practice are frequently reported barriers to participating in education, research and leadership activities Bryant-Lukosius et al.

This is particularly problematic for NPs in acute care, who usually report to both a nursing and a medical director.

In our interviews, we learned that physicians wanted the NPs’ time devoted mainly or exclusively to clinical practice, whereas nursing administrators wanted the NPs to also have some protected time to engage in leadership, research and education activities. A nursing administrator stated: They are delivering excellence in clinical care, personally working well with the team, with other interdisciplinary team members as well, but they have not been making as strong a contribution to the science of nursing, or to the development of the practice of nursing and certainly not to the development of the system.

Role expectations can be enhanced and negotiated by strong leadership from healthcare managers who can communicate a clear vision for the multiple dimensions of the role to team members and support the role within the organization Reay et al. The development of detailed written job descriptions Cummings et al. As shown in the literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions quote from an APN, a key strategy to protect the various dimensions of the role is administrative support.

Structuring the role [is needed] so that they’re actually successful in allowing individuals the time to do the research, to do the education, to go facebook ads case study 2013 the conferences, to do the learning that needs to be done so that they can come back and mentor other individuals.

It’s not just about seeing a hundred patients in a month. Actively shaping roles allows fulfillment of advanced literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions nursing role dimensions in addition to patient care, and this in turn contributes to successful integration as well as Essay on jasmine flower for class 1 of the nursing profession.

Creating Awareness of Advanced Practice Nursing Roles Nursing leaders raised concern about the lack of awareness of advanced practice nursing roles within healthcare organizations. Administrators reported regularly articulating information about advanced practice nursing to physicians, healthcare team members and other administrators to increase awareness. Inadequate healthcare team awareness of the CNS and NP roles has been identified as a barrier to advanced practice nursing role integration for example, Bailey et al.

Among the six government interview participants in our scoping review, lack of awareness among healthcare team members and the public was the most commonly identified barrier to successful advanced practice nursing role integration DiCenso et al. It needs to come from the professional nursing associations. Those that represent nurses need to create a conscious awareness in the system of the [CNS and NP] roles.

There needs to be the consistent and constant information, resources and tools that employers can access to understand how they can integrate these nurses into the system to improve their efficiency and quality. There is a need for ongoing research, definitely because the environment is constantly changing and we are seeing advanced practice nurses that are practising in different settings, doing different sorts of care and treatment and therapies.

The roundtable recommended that a communication strategy be developed via collaboration with government, employers, college essay help service regulatory colleges and professional associations to educate nurses, other healthcare professionals, the Canadian public and healthcare employers about the roles, responsibilities and positive contributions of advanced practice nursing DiCenso et al.

Enabling Network Support and Mentorship Administrators working in healthcare settings can play an important role in advanced practice nursing integration by providing opportunities for network support and mentorship.

A number of papers emphasize the importance of mentorship, especially for those in their first CNS or NP role Lachance ; Reay et al. The importance of networking support systems Micevski et al. Participants echoed the value of these strategies to support advanced practice nursing roles and suggested a number of networking support systems.

These included the establishment of NP or NP and CNS joint committees or special interest groups to assist with ongoing planning for advanced practice nursing roles and to share and address common issues. This could also assist with the development of a community of practice model to foster professional development. In the following quote, an administrator describes her role in facilitating an opportunity for networking: I facilitated an NP community of practice, recognizing that we were going to be hiring really novice NPs, even though help me essay registered nurses, and putting them into a brand new role in sometimes distant communities, where there were no NP mentors in the system and not many NPs anymore in the province.

What we did is structure our community of practice to say that, okay, we’re going to come together regularly in face-to-face meetings as well as connecting electronically to support one another as they try to pioneer this new role.

When I’ve surveyed the community over the last couple of years, they’ve [NPs] said there’s no question that having that support network, that support structure, was to that first integration of their role.

Leaders can play an important role in organizing supportive networks and coordinating mentorship opportunities for CNSs and NPs helping to integrate these roles into their organizations.

Discussion The purpose of this paper was to describe and explore the roles of nursing leaders at the organizational level in facilitating the integration of CNSs and NPs in healthcare settings. The issues facing nursing leaders responsible for integrating CNS and NP roles are complex and require multiple strategies for the variety of sectors in which APNs work.

Our synthesis DiCenso et al. The 11 nursing leaders worked case study of structural unemployment in australia various sectors including acute care, rehabilitation, community care and regional health authorities.

There was remarkable consistency in leadership issues identified by the interview participants and the relevant literature. A strength of our study is that the nurse leaders we interviewed were informed about advanced practice nursing, had experience in planning and implementing advanced practice nursing roles and understood the importance of the nursing leadership role. However, it is not clear if this is true of all nurse administrators.

Further exploration of the information needs of nursing leaders and other team members about advanced practice nursing roles is required.

A limitation of our study was that we did not interview administrators of small community hospitals, long-term care facilities, or primary healthcare settings such as community health centres or family health teams.

They may have had different literatures review on quality of worklife and their dimensions, and this is an area for future dissertation topics arthur miller Nursing literatures review on quality of worklife and their dimensions have multiple responsibilities and play a key role in the integration of APNs in healthcare settings.

Their role in the integration of CNSs and NPs is not an event but a continuous process, characterized by regular communication, negotiation, how to write a good application letter for teaching management of people and processes.

Successful leadership strategies for integrating APNs in healthcare organizations that were identified through the interviews and literature included 1 using established Canadian implementation toolkits Advanced Practice Nursing Steering Committee, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority ; Avery et al. One of the biggest problems facing nursing leaders is creating and securing sustainable funding for the roles and the provision of resources. Finding a resolution to this problem is critical, because the changing demographics of the Canadian population and the increased incidence and prevalence of chronic diseases will create more opportunities for CNS and NP roles.

Innovative models of interdisciplinary care that include NPs have increased patient access to care in different regions of the country DiCenso et al. Both CNS and NP roles are expanding into new practice sites such as long-term care, and future studies are needed to better understand their role implementation in these settings Donald et al.

The development and implementation of advanced practice nursing roles is influenced by economic conditions and literature review on quality of worklife and their dimensions human resources issues. This cyclical economic influence on advanced practice nursing roles not only threatens the harmful effects of smoking health and social care essay relatively small pool of highly trained practitioners, but also negatively impacts recruitment of future APNs.

Nurse administrators need the support of professional organizations and regulatory bodies to influence healthcare policy and to lobby for sustained funding.

Health human resource planning is needed to break the all too familiar cycle of a business plan for a small business typically contains having enough qualified individuals to fill vacant CNS and NP roles, and then having waves of organizational layoffs that result in insufficient employment opportunities.

Clearly, we need to create a more consistent and sustainable approach to funding APN roles to make them less vulnerable to the economic ebbs and flows of our healthcare system. Nurse administrators can play an important role in increasing awareness of successful NP and CNS roles in their organizations. Professional organizations, regulatory bodies and researchers can reinforce and contribute to a nationwide awareness of the positive benefits of CNSs and NPs for patient care and the healthcare system.

This paper draws attention to the various roles nursing leaders in organizations are playing as they plan, implement and support this process. Future research is needed to distinguish the roles leaders in organizations, professional associations, regulatory bodies and government can play and specific strategies they can use to successfully integrate NP and CNS roles in Canada.

We thank all those who took time from their busy schedules to participate in key informant interviews and focus groups. The following staff members provided excellent support: Special thanks go to our advisory board, roundtable participants and Dr. Brian Hutchison for their thoughtful feedback and suggestions. Winnipeg Regional Health Authority.

Retrieved December 31, Improve Patient Care and Outcomes: A Guide for Successful Integration.


Development, Implementation and Evaluation. Profile and Predictors of Job Satisfaction. Retrieved July 20, Canadian Nurse Protective Society. Retrieved September 7, Canadian Nurse Practitioner Initiative. Retrieved Retrieved March 2, Retrieved January 12, The Time Is Now. Retrieved September 21, Retrieved September 17, Retrieved April 5, Preparing for Outpost Practice: An Evaluation of Organizational Change.

Leadership to Effect Policy Change. Retrieved January 24, A Decision Support Synthesis. Overview of a Decision Support Synthesis. Retrieved August 20, Retrieved May 14, The Long and Brier Islands Study. Assessment of the Need for Nurse Practitioners in Ontario.

Working Paper Series, Paper Retrieved February 9, Small Wins and Microprocesses of Change.

Evaluation of a Pilot Project in Canada. NP Roles in Ontario: Looking to the Future. The Accord Project — Briefing paper.